Population movement can sustain STI prevalence in remote Australian indigenous communities

Ben Hui, Richard Gray, David Wilson, James Ward, Anthony Smith, David Phillips, Matthew Law, Jane Hocking, David Regan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: For almost two decades, chlamydia and gonorrhoea diagnosis rates in remote Indigenous communities have been up to 30 times higher than for non-Indigenous Australians. The high levels of population movement known to occur between remote communities may contribute to these high rates.Methods: We developed an individual-based computer simulation model to study the relationship between population movement and the persistence of gonorrhoea and chlamydia transmission within hypothetical remote communities.Results: Results from our model suggest that short-term population movement can facilitate gonorrhoea and chlamydia persistence in small populations. By fixing the number of short-term travellers in accordance with census data, we found that these STIs can persist if at least 20% of individuals in the population seek additional partners while away from home and if the time away from home is less than 21 days. Periodic variations in travel patterns can contribute to increased sustainable levels of infection. Expanding existing STI testing and treatment programs to cater for short-term travellers is shown to be ineffective due to their short duration of stay. Testing and treatment strategies tailored to movement patterns, such as encouraging travellers to seek testing and treatment upon return from travel, will likely be more effective.Conclusion: High population mobility is likely to contribute to the high levels of STIs observed in remote Indigenous communities of Australia. More detailed data on mobility patterns and sexual behaviour of travellers will be invaluable for designing and assessing STI control programs in highly mobile communities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number188
    Number of pages11
    JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
    Volume13
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2013

    Keywords

    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhoea
    • Indigenous population
    • Mobility
    • Remote communities

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  • Cite this

    Hui, B., Gray, R., Wilson, D., Ward, J., Smith, A., Phillips, D., Law, M., Hocking, J., & Regan, D. (2013). Population movement can sustain STI prevalence in remote Australian indigenous communities. BMC Infectious Diseases, 13(1), [188]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-13-188