Positive Interactive Engagement (PIE): A pilot qualitative case study evaluation of a person-centred dementia care programme based on Montessori principles

Sue Booth, Gabriella Zizzo, Jacinta Robertson, Ian Goodwin Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Altered behaviour associated with dementia can present a number of challenges in the provision of care within both community and residential aged care settings. This paper presents a qualitative case study investigation of the implementation of the Positive Interactive Engagement programme within a residential aged care setting. The Positive Interactive Engagement programme incorporates non-pharmacological sensory techniques that have been informed by a person-centred, Montessori approach. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews with workers at a residential aged care facility in South Australia yielded seven case studies. Data were thematically analysed both within and between cases. Our data indicate the programme demonstrates underlying Montessori principles and supports participant behaviour change, with a noted reduction in ‘disruptive’ behaviours and increased social connection amongst participants. Programme staff report increased job satisfaction. The Positive Interactive Engagement programme offers a model that demonstrates encouraging outcomes, and further research would be useful in ascertaining whether these outcomes translate to quantifiable improvements in the quality of life for people with dementia in a residential aged care setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-991
Number of pages17
JournalDementia
Volume19
Issue number4
Early online date13 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • dementia
  • Montessori principles
  • residential care

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