Postural care for people with intellectual disabilities and severely impaired motor function: A scoping review

Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Poor postural care can have severe and life-threatening complications. This scoping review aims to map and summarize existing evidence regarding postural care for people with intellectual disabilities and severely impaired motor function. Method: Studies were identified via electronic database searches (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Web of Science) covering January 1990 to March 2016, and email requests to researcher networks. Results were collated via descriptive numerical summary of studies and thematic analysis. Results: Twenty-three studies were identified and summarized narratively in relation to three themes: characteristics and prevalence, interventions and service related issues. The evidence base is small with significant gaps. Lack of evidence for night-time positioning equipment and 24-hr postural care needs to be addressed urgently. Conclusion: Future research should be clearly directed towards ascertaining how best postural care interventions can be employed to help improve the health and quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-28
Number of pages18
JournalJOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
Volume31
Issue numberS1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • intellectual disabilities
  • postural care
  • scoping review

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