Potential applications of nanobiocatalysis for industrial biodiesel production

Avinesh R. Byreddy, Munish Puri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter details the enzymatic conversion of various feedstocks into biodiesel, different immobilization techniques, lipase immobilization, and factors that affect enzymatic conversion. Lipases are extensively employed in various chemical reactions such as hydrolysis, alcoholysis, esterification, and transesterification of carboxylic esters. In irreversible immobilization, enzymes are attached to support material only single time; they cannot be detached without damaging either the enzyme or the support material. Physical adsorption and various non-covalent bonding, such as affinity and chelation binding, are reversible in nature and commonly used for immobilizing enzymes. Immobilized lipase shows many advantages compared to free lipases such as easy recovery and reuse, higher adaptability for continuous operation, less effluent problems, greater pH and thermal stability, and higher tolerance to reactants and products. Lipase-catalyzed transesterification for biodiesel production has gained a lot of attention due to mild reaction conditions, environmental friendliness, and wide adaptability for feedstocks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiocatalysis and Nanotechnology
EditorsPeter Grunwald
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherPan Stanford Publishing
Chapter9
Pages349-368
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781351767545
ISBN (Print)9789814613699
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NamePan Stanford Series on Biocatalysis
PublisherPan Stanford Publishing
Volume3

Keywords

  • nanobiocatalysis
  • biodiesel production
  • enzymatic conversion
  • lipase immobilization

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