Pox, plague and pestilence

    Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

    Abstract

    "More than 1.6 million convicts and immigrants travelled by sea to Australia in the 19th century. Some never arrived. They were victims of shipwreck or, more commonly, sickness. Most sickness and death at sea in the first half of the 19th century resulted from infectious diseases and deficiency disorders such as scurvy. Contributing factors were the severely restricted diet, poor sanitation and lack of personal hygiene on board ship. Living conditions were harsh by modern standards. Immigrants and convicts had to spend three or four months in the confined spaces of a small and uncomfortable sailing ship!"
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages1
    Specialist publicationHeritage Conservation News
    PublisherHeritage Council of New South Wales
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 1992

    Keywords

    • Australia -- History -- 19th century
    • Convicts
    • Immigrants
    • Typhus
    • Smallpox
    • Scurvy
    • Sea travel

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pox, plague and pestilence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this