Predicted versus actual complications in Australian women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction: a retrospective cohort study using the BRA Score tool

Roland P. Deek, Imogen O.K. Lee, Phillipa van Essen, Tamara Crittenden, Nicola R. Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The Breast Reconstruction Risk Assessment (BRA) Score tool is a risk calculator developed to predict the risk of complications in individual patients undergoing breast reconstruction. It was developed in a North American population exclusively undergoing immediate breast reconstruction. This study sought to assess the predictions of the BRA Score tool against the measured outcomes of surgery for an Australian public hospital population, including both immediate and delayed reconstructions. Method: This was a retrospective cohort study of data from women at a single Australian public teaching hospital unit. Data from the Flinders Breast Reconstruction Database was retrieved and compared to BRA Scores calculated for each patient. Receiver operating curve area under the curve analysis was performed as well as Brier scores to compare predicted versus observed complications. Results: BRA Score predictions were reasonable or good (C-statistic >0.7, Brier score <0.09) for the complications of overall surgical complications, surgical site infection (SSI) and seroma at 30 days, and similarly accurate for prediction of the same complications for implant reconstructions at 12 months. There were similar findings between delayed and immediate reconstructions. Conclusion: The BRA Score risk calculator is valid to detect some risks in both patients undergoing immediate and delayed breast reconstruction in an Australian public hospital setting. SSI is the best predicted complication and is well-predicted across both autologous and prosthetic reconstruction types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3324-3334
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume74
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • BRA Score
  • Breast Reconstruction
  • Informed consent
  • Outcomes
  • Risk Calculator

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Predicted versus actual complications in Australian women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction: a retrospective cohort study using the BRA Score tool'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this