Predictive validity of resilience in the treatment of individuals with anxiety and depressive disorders

Zhila Javida, Kirsty N. Prior, Malcolm J. Bond

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The current study sought to evaluate the predictive validity of resilience among individuals with anxiety and/or depressive disorders. Receiver operating characteristics were calculated for each of the 25-item and 10-item versions of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, evaluated against psychological distress and treatment response, at screening and post-treatment. New referrals to an anxiety and related disorders clinic were recruited for this purpose (N = 672 at screening, N = 349 post-treatment). Robust cross-sectional associations between resilience and psychological distress and treatment response were noted and were strongest at post-treatment. How-ever, the related sensitivity (63% to 66% at screening, 69% to 76% post-treatment), specificity (78% to 83% at screening, approximately 73% post-treatment), and areas under the curve (AUC; approximately 73% at screening, 78% to 82% post-treatment) were modest. Furthermore, there was minimal support for resilience as a predictor of recovery using the longitudinal data (sensitivity and specificity could not be deter-mined, with AUC of approximately 68% for psychological distress and 56% for treatment response). Although a relatively large homogeneous sample was available for this study, analyses of specific diagnostic subgroups may offer valuable further insight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • resilience
  • Predictive validity
  • anxiety
  • Depressive disorders
  • longitudinal data
  • homogenous


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