Eiji Itoi, Gregory I. Bain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingForeword/postscript

2 Citations (Scopus)


The defi nition, etiology, and management of the stiff or “frozen shoulder” have been an enigma. This disabling condition occurs predominantly in the middle aged and spontaneously resolves. This is the reason why little attention has been paid to this very common but not well-understood condition. Knowledge of common shoulder conditions (e.g., rotator cuff tear and shoulder instability) has increased tremendously over the last decades; however, frozen shoulder still remains a challenge.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationShoulder Stiffness Current Concepts and Concerns
EditorsEiji Itoi, Guillermo Arce , Gregory I. Bain, Ronald L. Diercks, Dan Guttmann, Andreas B. Imhoff, Augustus D. Mazzocca , Hiroyuki Sugaya, Yon-Sik Yoo
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9783662463703
ISBN (Print)9783662463697
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • shoulder Etiology
  • biomechanics


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