The defi nition, etiology, and management of the stiff or “frozen shoulder” have been an enigma. This disabling condition occurs predominantly in the middle aged and spontaneously resolves. This is the reason why little attention has been paid to this very common but not well-understood condition. Knowledge of common shoulder conditions (e.g., rotator cuff tear and shoulder instability) has increased tremendously over the last decades; however, frozen shoulder still remains a challenge.
|Title of host publication||Shoulder Stiffness Current Concepts and Concerns|
|Editors||Eiji Itoi, Guillermo Arce , Gregory I. Bain, Ronald L. Diercks, Dan Guttmann, Andreas B. Imhoff, Augustus D. Mazzocca , Hiroyuki Sugaya, Yon-Sik Yoo|
|Place of Publication||Heidelberg|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- shoulder Etiology