Preferences and experiences of smokers attending Australian general practices

Jenifer Liang, Michael Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Around 20% of patients attending general practice are smokers. Information on their preferences and experiences can guide health professionals providing cessation support.Aim: To describe previous quit attempts and smoking cessation preferences of smokers recruited within a cluster randomised controlled trial.Methods: Patients aged ≥40 years, with ≥10 pack year history of smoking, were recruited from 39 general practice clinics across Melbourne, Australia. A structured questionnaire and exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) test were completed during a patient interview.Results: Of 526 smokers recruited, 491 (93%) smoked daily. The median exhaled CO was 22 ppm (IQR 14-29). 278 (53%) smokers had attempted quitting in the last year. Common pharmacotherapies used were nicotine replacement therapy (155, 58%) and varenicline (84, 30%). Hypnotherapy (44, 16%) was the most popular non-pharmacological option. E-cigarettes were used by 30 (11%). Previous side effects from pharmacotherapies were reported by 146 (28%) smokers. Around half of smokers previously experienced difficulties in quitting, such as irritability/aggression and urges to smoke. Preference for using medications in future quit attempts was stated by 205 (39%) smokers; one-third would consider using e-cigarettes.Conclusion: Non-evidence-based smoking cessation aids are used by smokers in primary care. Health professionals could enhance smoking cessation support in primary care by recommending evidence-based treatments and close monitoring of those experiencing difficulties or side effects during quit attempts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)PA2668
Number of pages1
JournalEur Respir J
Issue numberSuppl 61
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Preferences and experiences of smokers attending Australian general practices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this