We report two studies in which mothers of high social status (HSS) children were compared with mothers of low social status (LSS) children. The first examined mother's behavior in assisting her child to join in and play with a dyad of unknown children of the same age and sex. The second focused on the mothers' responses to hypothetical situations. Both studies assessed aspects of the mother in the supervisory role (i.e., where she directly manages or assists her child in peer relationships). On the basis of the notion that children might partly acquire social skills from their mother, we predicted that mother differences in the supervisory role would correspond with comparable social skill differences reported in the literature for HSS and LSS children. Many of the results were consistent with the prediction. We considered possible processes whereby children could acquire aspects of social skills from their parents.