Prevalence and Associated Factors of Fecal Incontinence and Double Incontinence among Rural Elderly in North China

Yan Luo, Kai Wang, Ping Zou, Xiaomei Li, Jinjie He, Jing Wang

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Fecal and double incontinence are known to be more prevalent among the rural elderly. Yet, there have been few studies on their epidemic condition among Chinese rural elders. This study estimated the prevalence and correlates of fecal and double incontinence in rural elderly aged 65 years and over in North China. A multisite cross-sectional survey was conducted in 10 villages, yielding a sampling frame of 1250 residents. Fecal and urinary incontinence assessments were based on the self-reported bowel health questionnaire and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, respectively. The concomitant presence of fecal and urinary incontinence in the same subject was defined as double incontinence. The prevalence of fecal and double incontinence was 12.3% and 9.3%, respectively. Factors associated with fecal incontinence included urinary incontinence, lack of social interaction, traumatic brain injury, cerebrovascular disease, and poverty. Physical activities of daily living dependence, traumatic brain injury, lack of social interaction, and poor sleep quality were associated with higher odds of having double incontinence, whereas tea consumption was correlated with lower odds. Individualized intervention programs should be developed targeting associated factors and high-risk populations. These intervention programs should be integrated into existing public health services for the rural elderly to facilitate appropriate prevention and management of incontinence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9105
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Correlate
  • Double incontinence
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Prevalence
  • Rural China


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