Prevalence of stunting and its associated factors among children 6-59 months of age in Libo-Kemekem district, Northwest Ethiopia; A community based cross sectional study

Selamawit Bekele Geberselassie, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew, Shadrack Mulinge Mutuku, Molla Mesele Wassie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Children in developing countries are highly vulnerable to impaired physical growth because of poor dietary intake, lack of appropriate care, and repeated infections. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of stunting and associated factors among children 6–59 months of age in Libo-kemekem district, northwest Ethiopia. Methods A community based cross sectional study was conducted in Libo-Kemekem from October 15 to December 15, 2015. The multistage sampling technique was employed to select 1,320 children aged 6-59months. Data were collected by trained community health extension workers under regular supervision. Data were entered into EPI-Info version 3.5.1, and height for age was converted to Z-score with ENA-SMART software. Data were then exported to SPSS version 20 for descriptive and binary logistic regression analysees. The significance of associations was determined at p<0.05. Results Out of 1287 children included in the analysis, 49.4% (95% CI: 46.7%–52.3%) were found to be stunted. In the multivariate analysis, increased child age [AOR = 6.31, 95%CI: (3.65, 10.91)], family size of six and above [AOR = 1.77, 95%CI: (1.35, 2.32)] were positively associated with stunting, while, fathers with secondary school education [AOR = 0.50, 95%CI: (0.30, 0.81)], farmers as household heads [AOR = 0.56, 95%CI: (0.38, 0.84)] and self-employed parents as household head [AOR = 0.45, 95% CI: (0.28, 0.72)] were found to be preventive factors. Conclusion The prevalence of stunting was high in the study area. We found that stunting was significantly correlated with child age, occupational status of household head, family size, and fathers’ education. Therefore, intervention focusing on supporting housewives, family planning, and education on child feeding and nutrition should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0195361
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • stunted children
  • physical growth
  • Children
  • poor diet
  • nutrition
  • socio-demographic
  • economic status

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