Background: The exact cause of preeclampsia remains unknown. The past decade has seen an ongoing debate on the relative importance of primipaternity versus prolonged birth/pregnancy interval. Aims: The aim of the current study was to analyze these two major potential risk factors in a high risk population in the Northern suburbs of Adelaide; a socioeconomically disadvantaged area characterized by instable relationships and overall poor health and lifestyle. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all multigravid women birthing at the Lyell McEwin Hospital, Adelaide, from July 2011 to August 2012; 2003 patients were included in this analysis. Basic demographic data, previous pregnancy outcomes, paternity, and birth and pregnancy intervals were recorded. Results: Women with a previously normal pregnancy had a significantly increased risk of developing preeclampsia in subsequent pregnancy with a new paternity (OR: 2.27 [p =.015]). Increasing birth and pregnancy intervals were associated with a significantly increased risk of developing preeclampsia in later pregnancies, with OR 1.39 at 3 years (p =.042) and OR 2.05 at 4 years (p =.002). Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that both prolonged birth interval and primipaternity are independent risk factors for preeclampsia in multigravidae.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Birth interval
- new paternity
- pregnancy interval