Priorities when designing a service-focused delivery model for mobility devices: a systematic review

L. Diment, S. Curtin, L. Kenney, K. J. Reynolds, M. H. Granat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Purpose: Throughout the world, mobility devices are usually distributed using product-based business models, where a device is provided to a user, and serviced or replaced when the user returns to the clinic with an issue. Moving to a service-based business model can provide continuous and customised support for the user, and provide the clinicians and manufacturers with better data to base their decisions on. This study reviews papers on assistive technology service-based business models and considerations in designing such a model to optimise economic and social value. It then applies the findings to the mobility device space. 

Method: A systematic literature search was undertaken in PubMed, Web of Science, and OVID databases to analyse studies that discuss service delivery models used to provide assistive products. Inductive thematic analysis determined the themes, facilitators and barriers associated with providing a service. Findings were applied to mobility device service provision. 

Results and conclusion: Themes from the 29 relevant papers were grouped into four categories: Access (affordability/availability/education), Utility (customisability/usability/adaptability), Integrity (quality/sustainability/impact), and Compliance (policy/privacy/security). The most common themes were customisability, affordability, availability, and education. There is a need for service-based delivery models to replace conventional product-based models, and many considerations to optimise their design. No publications discussed the design and implementation of a service-based model for mobility device provision that uses modern sensors, software and other digital technologies to optimise the service. Service-based models that use modern digital technologies are new for the mobility device field, but much can be learnt from other fields.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Early online date13 Feb 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Feb 2024


  • as-a-service
  • Assistive products
  • barriers
  • facilitators
  • mobility devices
  • servitisation
  • systematic search
  • thematic analysis


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