Problem Gambling Family Impacts: Development of the Problem Gambling Family Impact Scale

Nicki Dowling, Aino Suomi, Alun Jackson, Tiffany Lavis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)


    Although family members of problem gamblers frequently present to treatment services, problem gambling family impacts are under-researched. The most commonly endorsed items on a new measure of gambling-related family impacts [Problem Gambling Family Impact Measure (PG-FIM: Problem Gambler version)] by 212 treatment-seeking problem gamblers included trust (62.5 %), anger (61.8 %), depression or sadness (58.7 %), anxiety (57.7 %), distress due to gambling-related absences (56.1 %), reduced quality time (52.4 %), and communication breakdowns (52.4 %). The PG-FIM (Problem Gambler version) was comprised of three factors: (1) financial impacts, (2) increased responsibility impacts, and (3) psychosocial impacts with good psychometric properties. Younger, more impulsive, non-electronic gaming machine (EGM) gamblers who had more severe gambling problems reported more financial impacts; non-EGM gamblers with poorer general health reported more increased responsibility impacts; and more impulsive non-EGM gamblers with more psychological distress and higher gambling severity reported more psychosocial impacts. The findings have implications for the development of interventions for the family members of problem gamblers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)935-955
    Number of pages21
    JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


    • Counselling
    • Family
    • Gambling
    • Impact
    • Significant others
    • Treatment


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