Problem solving using the keyword method and mental imagery during vocabulary recall: A Festschrift for Emeritus Professor Mike Lawson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Extensive research has identified that the deliberate use of learning strategies is beneficial for enhanced learning outcomes, and that many students use few and/or ineffective learning strategies. Furthermore, teachers, while appreciating the role and value of learning strategies for their students’ learning, seldom engage in explicit learning strategy teaching, even for foreign and second language vocabulary learning. The keyword method (KWM) (Atkinson, 1975), an extensively researched mnemonic strategy for vocabulary learning, has proven to be very effective. Its effectiveness as a method relies on deep processing through association and elaboration. Most extant studies, however, focus on the KWM at the time of encoding new words and their meanings, neglecting to investigate the method's role at the time of recall. KWM studies focussing on recall limit the focus to solely reporting recall outcomes. This chapter presents a new perspective on the KWM, focussing on the role of problem solving to help learners solve vocabulary recall difficulties. It discusses the nature of the problems learners encounter at the time of both receptive and productive vocabulary recall, posits that connections between the use of mental imagery at the time of encoding and its role at the time of recall provide a foundation for analysing difficulties with vocabulary recall, proposes problem-solving processes to support learners to improve their recall outcomes, and discusses implications for teaching of the KWM.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProblem Solving for Teaching and Learning
Subtitle of host publicationA Festschrift for Emeritus Professor Mike Lawson
EditorsHelen Askell-Williams, Janice Orrell
PublisherTaylor and Francis Group
Chapter14
Pages192-208
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780429684098
ISBN (Print)9780367001834
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • vocabulary learning and teaching
  • foreign language learning
  • keyword method

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    Wyra, M. (2019). Problem solving using the keyword method and mental imagery during vocabulary recall: A Festschrift for Emeritus Professor Mike Lawson. In H. Askell-Williams, & J. Orrell (Eds.), Problem Solving for Teaching and Learning: A Festschrift for Emeritus Professor Mike Lawson (pp. 192-208). Taylor and Francis Group. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429400902-14