Prognostic Associations of Concomitant Antibiotic Use in Patients with Advanced NSCLC Treated with Atezolizumab: Sensitivity Analysis of a Pooled Investigation of Five Randomised Control Trials

Arkady T. Manning-Bennett, Julie Cervesi, Pierre Alain Bandinelli, Michael J. Sorich, Ashley M. Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been a significant milestone for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the efficacy of ICIs can vary substantially between patients, with disparities in treatment outcomes being potentially driving by changes in the microbiome. Antibiotics can cause dysbiosis and are hypothesised to impact the efficacy of ICIs Methods: Data were pooled from five randomised clinical control trials, IMpower130, IMpower131, IMpower150, OAK, and POPLAR, assessing atezolizumab in advanced NSCLC. Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine whether antibiotic use within 6-weeks before and after randomisation was associated with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) outcomes, with data further stratified by programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) status. Results: Antibiotic use was significantly associated with worsened PFS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.19 [1.08–1.30], p ≤ 0.001) and OS (HR = 1.27 [1.13–1.42], p ≤ 0.001) in patients treated with atezolizumab and those not treated with atezolizumab (PFS, HR = 1.21 [1.08–1.36] p < 0.001, OS, HR = 1.33 [1.16–1.51] p < 0.001). These associations were relatively consistent in both PD-L1 positive and PD-L1 negative. Conclusions: Antibiotic use within a ±6-week window was significantly associated with worse PFS and OS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number528
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedicines
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • antibiotics
  • atezolizumab
  • non-small cell lung cancer

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic Associations of Concomitant Antibiotic Use in Patients with Advanced NSCLC Treated with Atezolizumab: Sensitivity Analysis of a Pooled Investigation of Five Randomised Control Trials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this