Prognostic Implications of High-Sensitivity Troponin T Levels Among Patients Attending Emergency Departments and Evaluated for an Acute Coronary Syndrome

Aisha Etaher, Derek P. Chew, Steven Frost, Yousef M. Saad, Ian Ferguson, Tuan L. Nguyen, Craig P. Juergens, John K. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: With increasing age, patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and elevated high-sensitivity troponin T (HsTnT) levels, type-1 myocardial infarction (MI) is diagnosed less often, though associations among these factors, gender, and prognosis is unclear. Methods: Patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with potential ACS who underwent HsTnT testing were prospectively identified and followed. Diagnoses were adjudicated according to the Fourth Universal Definition of MI as follows: type-1 MI, type-2 MI, acute myocardial injury, chronic myocardial injury, and other diagnoses. Age in years was categorized: younger (<65); elderly (65-79), and very elderly (≥80). Results: Among 2738 patients with HsTnT measurements, 1611 were suitable for adjudication (42% ages 65 years and younger). Type-2 MI and chronic myocardial injury diagnoses were more common in those ages 65 years and older, whereas younger patients had more type-1 MI diagnoses. Late mortality rates at median 41 months (interquartile range [IQR] 10-57) were 44% (223 out of 506) in those ages 80 years and older, 22% (92 out of 423) in patients 65-79 years, and 7% (46 out of 682) in those 65 years and younger, irrespective of adjudicated diagnoses, log rank P ≤.001. On multivariable analyses, the adjusted mortality hazard ratios for increasing HsTnT levels irrespective of diagnoses were attenuated in those age 80 years and older compared to younger patients. Conclusions: Patients ages 65 years and older constituted ~60% of ED attendances of patients with suspected ACS, and more had type 2 MI and chronic myocardial injury diagnoses compared to younger patients. The relative mortality impact of HsTnT levels was lower among elderly patients irrespective of adjudicated diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Early online date2 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Age
  • Chronic myocardial injury
  • Elderly
  • Gender
  • Mortality
  • Type 2 myocardial infarction
  • Young

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