Prognostic Value of High-Sensitivity Troponin T After On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Jessy A. Nellipudi, Robert A. Baker, Lukah Dykes, Bronwyn M. Krieg, Jayme S. Bennetts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: High-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT), as a single or serial measurement to predict postoperative mortality and morbidity, appears to be attractive due to its direct relationship in assessing myocardial damage and the widespread availability of hs-TnT testing. Therefore, this study aimed to identify any prognostic value of hs-TnT in predicting in-hospital outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Method: We identified all consecutive patients who underwent on-pump CABG between July 2011 and December 2018. To evaluate the prognostic value of hs-TnT after CABG, we assessed the probability and odds ratio (OR) of adverse events concerning the maximum value of postoperative hs-TnT (measured within 24 hrs). TnT was routinely collected at 0, 6, 12 and 72 hours postoperatively. Values were categorised into intervals of 200 for analysis. A fully Bayesian logistic regression of the adverse event with the troponin T interval (0–200) as the reference level was used. A subgroup analysis was performed in patients with normal and elevated preoperative hs-TnT (< or ≥30 ng/L). The pre-specified primary outcome was a major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of death within 30 days of operation for any cause, myocardial infection (MI), or stroke. Results: 1,318 people underwent on-pump CABG during this period. One hundred and twenty-three (123) (9.3%) experienced MACCE, 14 (1.1%) experienced death within 30 days, 105 (8.0%) experienced MI and 14 (1.1%) experienced stroke. Compared to the reference category (hs-TnT ≤200 ng/L) we found there was an increase in OR with increasing level of hs-TnT for MACCE (p<0.001), 30-day mortality (p=0.003), MI (p<0.001) and ICU stay >48 hours (p<0.001). However, there was no statistically significant association present between hs-TnT and stroke, readmission to the intensive care unit (ICU), return to theatre for bleeding, or new-onset renal dysfunction. Conclusion: Peak hs-TnT level, greater than 400 ng/L, measured within 24 hours after CABG surgery is associated with MACCE, 30-day mortality, MI and ICU stay >48 hours. Prospectively designed trials, with clear prognostic and outcome variables, may provide further insight into the prognostic value of hs-TnT post-CABG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1562-1569
Number of pages8
JournalHeart, Lung and Circulation
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • High-sensitivity troponin T
  • Myocardial injury

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