Projecting date palm distribution in Iran under climate change using topography, physicochemical soil properties, soil taxonomy, land use, and climate data

Farzin Shabani, Lalit Kumar, Subhashni Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study set out to model potential date palm distribution under current and future climate scenarios using an emission scenario, in conjunction with two different global climate models (GCMs): CSIRO-Mk3.0 (CS), and MIROC-H (MR), and to refine results based on suitability under four nonclimatic parameters. Areas containing suitable physicochemical soil properties and suitable soil taxonomy, together with land slopes of less than 10° and suitable land uses for date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) were selected as appropriate refining tools to ensure the CLIMEX results were accurate and robust. Results showed that large regions of Iran are projected as likely to become climatically suitable for date palm cultivation based on the projected scenarios for the years 2030, 2050, 2070, and 2100. The study also showed CLIMEX outputs merit refinement by nonclimatic parameters and that the incremental introduction of each additional parameter decreased the disagreement between GCMs. Furthermore, the study indicated that the least amount of disagreement in terms of areas conducive to date palm cultivation resulted from CS and MR GCMs when the locations of suitable physicochemical soil properties and soil taxonomy were used as refinement tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-567
Number of pages15
JournalTHEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
Volume118
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Date Palm
  • soil taxonomy
  • Phoenix Dactylifera
  • Ecoclimatic Index
  • CLIMEX Modeling

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