Promoting open science: A holistic approach to changing behaviour

Samuel G. Robson, Myriam A. Baum, Jennifer L. Beaudry, Julia Beitner, Hilmar Brohmer, Jason M. Chin, Katarzyna Jasko, Chrystyna D. Kouros, Ruben E. Laukkonen, David Moreau, Rachel A. Searston, Heleen A. Slagter, Niklas K. Steffens, Jason M. Tangen, Amberyn Thomas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)
    27 Downloads (Pure)


    In this article, we provide a toolbox of recommendations and resources for those aspiring to promote the uptake of open scientific practices. Open Science encompasses a range of behaviours that aim to improve the transparency of scientific research. This paper is divided into seven sections, each devoted to different groups or institutions in the research ecosystem: colleagues, students, departments and faculties, universities, academic libraries, journals, and funders. We describe the behavioural influences and incentives for each of these stakeholders as well as changes they can make to foster Open Science. Our primary goal, however, is to suggest actions that researchers can take to promote these behaviours, inspired by simple principles of behaviour change: make it easy, social, and attractive. In isolation, a small shift in one person’s behaviour may appear to make little difference, but when combined, many shifts can radically alter shared norms and culture. We offer this toolbox to assist individuals and institutions in cultivating a more open research culture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number30137
    Number of pages20
    JournalCollabra: Psychology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2021


    • Behaviour change
    • Culture change
    • Metascience
    • Open science


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