Promoting the integration of technology in teaching: An analysis of the factors that increase the intention to use technologies among Italian teachers

Laura Menabò, Alessandra Sansavini, Antonella Brighi, Grace Skrzypiec, Annalisa Guarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The rapid spread of COVID-19 forced many countries to adopt severe containment measures, transferring all didactic activities into virtual environments. However, the integration of technology in teaching may present difficulties, especially in some countries, such as Italy. Objectives: The present study analyzed how the two main factors of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), namely perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, combined with online teaching self-efficacy, were associated with the intention to use technology to teach. We posited a moderated moderation model in which perceived usefulness represented the main predictor, with self-efficacy and perceived ease of use as moderators of intention to use technology to teach. Method: The model was tested through multiple regressions, using the PROCESS macro on SPSS 26 with a sample of 178 upper secondary school teachers in Italy. Results and conclusions: Regressions showed that each variable significantly predicted the intention to use technology. In addition, a moderation effect of self-efficacy on the perceived usefulness of using technology was found for medium and high-level of perceived ease of use of technology. Implications: The present study provides targeted implications for distance education policy and practice to promote its adoption (or the blended modality) in Italian upper schools.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING
Early online date27 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • distance education
  • online teaching self-efficacy
  • perceived ease of use
  • perceived usefulness

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