Promotion of Osteogenic Cell Response Using Quasicovalent Immobilized Fibronectin on Titanium Surfaces: Introduction of a Novel Biomimetic Layer System

Miriam Gorbahn, Marcus Klein, Michael Lehnert, Thomas Ziebart, Dan Brullmann, Ingo Koper, Wilfried Wagner, Bilal Al-Nawas, Michael Veith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: Despite the undeniable potential of cell adhesion molecules such as fibronectin to support osteogenic cell responses and consecutive dental implant healing, the most beneficial mode of application onto titanium implant surfaces still requires investigation. Unspecific fibronectin adsorption on titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) surfaces can result in low-loading, high-desorption rates and protein-metal interactions with impaired biologic activity. The aim of the present study was to monitor the osteogenic cell responses (cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation) specifically to fibronectin biofunctionalized TiO 2 . Materials and Methods: An innovative biomimetic streptavidin-biotin layer system allows flexible, but stable, specific binding of biotinylated biomolecules such as fibronectin on TiO 2 surfaces. Transparent glass disks were sputtered with TiO 2 . The biomimetic layer system was immobilized by self-assembly and consisted of silane, biotin-derivate, streptavidin, and biotinylated fibronectin (bFN). For the control group, unbiotinylated fibronectin was directly coated onto TiO 2 . Early cell adhesion dynamics were quantified using automated processing of light microscopy images within the first 24 hours. Relative mRNA expression of integrin-β1, cyclin D1, runt-related gene 2, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin was obtained using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions 3 and 7 days after incubation. Results: Although untreated TiO 2 preserved a rather immature osteogenic phenotype, both unbiotinylated fibronectin and bFN promoted osteogenic cell adhesion and cell differentiation. In particular, runt-related gene 2 expression was significantly promoted by bFN after 3 days. In contrast, cyclin D1 expression was decreased for unbiotinylated fibronectin and bFN after 7 days. Conclusions: The introduced biomimetic layer system contributes a coherent immobilization approach of adhesion molecules with promotion of osteogenic cell response in vitro.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1827-1834
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    Volume70
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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