Propulsion System of Electric Vehicles: Review

Emad Roshandel, Amin Mahmoudi, Solmaz Kahourzade, Armaghan Tahir, Nuwantha Fernando

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Commercialization of electric vehicles (EVs) and light electric vehicles (LEVs) play a major role in reduction of greenhouse gases and environmental pollution. In this paper, the main reasons for popularity of the LEVs are explained based on the statistics available in literature. The propulsion system of the LEVs (including the electric motor, transmission system, battery package, and inverter) aims to offer high efficiency over a wide range of torque-speed operating points. Hence, the optimal design and performance improvement of such vehicles have attracted attention in literature. The investigated drivetrain systems in various LEVs are reviewed in this paper to highlight their advantages and disadvantages. The popular electric motors used in the LEVs are discussed and their characteristics are emphasized. The available research gaps in this field are highlighted at the end of the paper to provide a guide for the new researchers in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2021 31st Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, AUPEC 2021
EditorsSumedha Rajakaruna, Ahmed Abu Siada, Ho Ching Iu, Arindam Ghosh, Tyrone Fernando
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665434515
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Event31st Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, AUPEC 2021 - Virtual event organised in Perth, Perth, Australia
Duration: 26 Sept 202130 Sept 2021
Conference number: 31

Publication series

NameProceedings of 2021 31st Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, AUPEC 2021
ISSN (Electronic)2474-1507


Conference31st Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, AUPEC 2021
Abbreviated titleAUPEC 2021
OtherThe theme of this year’s conference is Clean and Reliable Electric Energy Systems. With the prevalent problem of climate change, clean energy technologies are gaining much attention in the power industries currently. At the same time, due to intermittent nature of renewable sources, power system reliability and security are also being given serious considerations. It is, therefore, imperative that this premier power engineering conference in this region gives proper acknowledgement to the need of the future power delivery system.


  • Drive train
  • Electric drives
  • Electric motor
  • Electric vehicle
  • Gearbox


Dive into the research topics of 'Propulsion System of Electric Vehicles: Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this