Protective and risk factors for adolescent sleep: A meta-analytic review

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    247 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Teenagers need sufficient sleep to function well daily, yet consolidated evidence advising which factors protect, or harm, adolescents' sleep is lacking. Forty-one studies, published between 2003 and February, 2014, were meta-analysed. Mean weighted r values were calculated to better understand the strength of protective and risk factors for 85,561 adolescents' (age range = 12-18 y) bedtime, sleep onset latency (SOL) and total sleep time (TST). Results showed good sleep hygiene and physical activity were associated with earlier bedtimes. Video gaming, phone, computer and internet use, and evening light related to delayed bedtimes. Good sleep hygiene negatively correlated with sleep latency. Alternatively, sleep latency lengthened as a negative family environment increased. Tobacco, computer use, evening light, a negative family environment and caffeine were associated with decreased total sleep, whereas good sleep hygiene and parent-set bedtimes related to longer sleep length. Good sleep hygiene appears to be protective, whereas a negative home environment and evening light appear to be risk factors. Cautious use of technology (other than television), caffeine, tobacco and alcohol should be considered. These factors, along with pre-sleep worry, are likely to have some negative impact on sleep. Parent-set bedtimes and physical activity may be beneficial. Future research directions are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)72-85
    Number of pages14
    JournalSleep Medicine Reviews
    Volume21
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

    Keywords

    • Adolescent sleep
    • Bedtime
    • Protective
    • Risk
    • Sleep onset latency
    • Total sleep time

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Protective and risk factors for adolescent sleep: A meta-analytic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this