BACKGROUND: Regenerative therapies offer new approaches to improve cardiac function after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Previous trials using bone marrow cells, selected stem cell populations, or cardiac stem cell progenitors require invasive procedures and had so far inconclusive results. A less invasive approach utilizes granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) to mobilize stem cells to circulating blood and induce neovascularization and differentiation into endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 alpha (SDF-1α) is an important chemokine for initiating stem cell migration and homing to ischemic myocardium. SDF-1α concentrations can be increased by inhibition of CD26/DPP4. Dutogliptin, a novel DPP4 inhibitor, combined with stem cell mobilization using G-CSF significantly improved survival and reduced infarct size in a murine model. METHODS: We test the safety and tolerability and efficacy of dutogliptin in combination with filgrastim (G-CSF) in patients with STEMI (EF < 45%) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Preliminary efficacy will be analyzed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) to detect > 3.8% improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF) compared to placebo. One hundred forty subjects will be randomized to filgrastim plus dutogliptin or matching placebos. DISCUSSION: The REC-DUT-002 trial is the first to evaluate dutogliptin in combination with G-CSF in patients with STEMI. Results will lay the foundation for an appropriately powered cardiovascular outcome trial to test the efficacy of this combined pharmacological strategy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT no.: 2018-000916-75 . Registered on 7 June 2018. IND number: 123717.
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- Myocardial infarction
- Randomized controlled trial