Psychometric properties of the cardiac depression scale in patients with coronary heart disease

Litza Kiropoulos, Ian Meredith, Andrew Tonkin, David Clarke, P Antonis, Julie Plunkett

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    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: This study examined the psychometric properties of the Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) in a sample of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients.Methods: A total of 152 patients were diagnosed with coronary heart disease and were administered the CDS along with the Beck Depression Inventory- 2 (BDI-2) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) 3.5-months after cardiac hospitalization.Results: The CDS's factorial composition in the current sample was similar to that observed in the original scale. Varimax-rotated principal-components analyses extracted six factors, corresponding to mood, anhedonia, cognition, fear, sleep and suicide. Reliability analyses yielded internal consistency α - coefficients for the six subscales ranging from 0.62 to 0.82. The CDS showed strong concurrent validity with the BDI-II (r = 0.64). More patients were classified as severely depressed using the CDS. Both the CDS and the BDI-2 displayed significantly strong correlations with the STAI (r = 0.61 and r = 0.64), respectively.Conclusions: These findings encourage the use of the CDS for measuring the range of depressive symptoms in those with CHD 3.5 months after cardiac hospitalization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number216
    Number of pages8
    JournalBMC Psychiatry
    Issue number216
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2012


    • Cardiac depression scale
    • Coronary heart disease
    • Depression
    • Psychometric properties
    • Reliability
    • Validity


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