Psychosocial safety climate as an antecedent of work characteristics and psychological strain: A multilevel model

Maureen Dollard, Tessa Opie, Suzanne Lenthall, John Wakerman, Sabina Knight, Sandra Dunn, Greg Rickard, Martha MacLeod

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    74 Citations (Scopus)


    Psychosocial safety climate (PSC) refers to a specific organizational climate for the psychological health of workers. It is largely determined by management and at low levels is proposed as a latent pathogen for psychosocial risk factors and psychological strain. Using an extended Job Demands-Control-Support framework, we predicted the (24 month) cross-level effects of PSC on psychological strain via work conditions. We used a novel design whereby data from two unrelated samples of nurses working in remote areas were used across time (N=202, Time 1; N=163, Time 2), matched at the work unit level (N= 48). Using hierarchical linear modelling we found that unit PSC assessed by nurses predicted work conditions (workload, control, supervisor support) and psychological strain in different nurses in the same work unit 24 months later. There was evidence that the between-group relationship between unit PSC and psychological strain was mediated via Time 2 work conditions (workload, job control) as well as Time 1 emotional demands. The results support a multilevel work stress model with PSC as a plausible primary cause, or "cause of the causes", of work-related strain. The study adds to the literature that identifies organizational contextual factors as origins of the work stress process.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)385-404
    Number of pages20
    JournalWork and Stress
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


    • Job Demand-Control-Support Model
    • Job Demands-Control Model
    • nurses
    • psychosocial safety climate
    • work stress


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