Quality of implementation of a school mental health initiative and changes over time in students' social and emotional competencies

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    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper reports the theoretical conceptualisation, statistical development, and application of an Implementation Index to evaluate the quality of implementation of the KidsMatter Primary school mental health initiative in Australia. Questionnaires were received from the parents and teachers of almost 5000 students, and also from KidsMatter project officers. A conceptual framework of fidelity, dosage, and delivery guided the selection of questionnaire items to create the Implementation Index, which was refined using Latent Class Analysis. Schools' scores on the Index were classified into high, average, and low implementation categories. Profiles of high- and low-implementing schools provided insights into the characteristics of successful and less successful implementation. Next, hierarchical linear modelling showed that children's social and emotional competencies significantly improved over time in average- and high-implementing schools, but not in low-implementing schools. The Implementation Index can inform areas for attention in health promotion initiatives and can provide a framework for future evaluations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)357-381
    Number of pages25
    JournalSchool Effectiveness and School Improvement
    Volume24
    Issue number3
    Early online date2013
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

    Keywords

    • evaluation
    • hierarchical linear modelling
    • implementation quality
    • latent class analysis
    • mental health promotion

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