Objective: To investigate the quality of life (QoL) impact on primary caregivers of children with esophageal atresia. Study design: We used a prospective cohort study design, inviting primary caregivers of children with esophageal atresia to complete the following questionnaires: Parent Experience of Child Illness (PECI), Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Anxiety, PROMIS Depression, 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12), and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). The PECI, PROMIS Anxiety and Depression, and SF-12 assessed caregiver QoL, and the PedsQL assessed patient QoL. Patients with Gross type E esophageal atresia served as controls. Results: The primary caregivers of 100 patients (64 males, 36 females; median age, 4.6 years; range, 3.5 months to 19.0 years) completed questionnaires. The majority (76 of 100) of patients had Gross type C esophageal atresia. A VACTERL (vertebral anomalies, anorectal malformation, cardiac anomalies, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomalies, limb anomalies) association was found in 30, ≥1 esophageal dilatation was performed in 57, and fundoplication was performed in 11/100. When stratified by esophageal atresia types, significant differences were found in 2 PECI subscales (unresolved sorrow/anger, P = .02; uncertainty, P = .02), in PROMIS Anxiety (P = .02), and in SF-12 mental health (P = .02) and mental component summary scores (P = .02). No significant differences were found for VACTERL association, nor esophageal dilatation. Requirement for fundoplication resulted in lower SF-12 general health score, and lower PedsQL social and physical functioning scores. Conclusions: We have demonstrated that caring for a child with esophageal atresia and a previous requirement for fundoplication impacts caregiver QoL.
- esophageal atresia
- quality of life