Randomized Trial of Laparoscopic Nissen Versus Anterior 180 Degree Partial Fundoplication - Late Clinical Outcomes at 15 to 20 years

Victoria Rudolph-Stringer, Tim Bright, Tanya Irvine, Sarah K Thompson, Peter G Devitt, Philip A Game, Glyn G Jamieson, David Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine very late clinical outcomes at up to 20 years followup from a randomized controlled trial of Nissen versus anterior 180-degree partial fundoplication. Summary Background Data: Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux can be followed by troublesome side effects. To address this, partial fundoplications have been proposed. Previously reports from a randomized controlled trial of Nissen versus anterior 180-degree partial fundoplication at up to 10 years follow-up showed good outcomes for both procedures. Methods: One hundred seven participants were randomized to Nissen versus anterior 180-degree partial fundoplication. Fifteen to 20 year follow-up data was available for 79 (41 Nissen, 38 anterior). Outcome was assessed using a standardized questionnaire with 0 to 10 analog scores and yes/no questions to determine reflux symptoms, side-effects, and satisfaction with surgery. Results: After anterior fundoplication heartburn (mean score 3.2 vs 1.4, P=.001) and proton pump inhibitor use (41.7% vs 17.1%, P=.023) were higher, offset by less dysphagia for solids (mean score 1.8 vs 3.3, P=.015), and better ability to belch (84.2% vs 65.9%, P=.030). Measures of overall outcome were similar for both groups (mean satisfaction score 8.4 vs 8.0, P=.444; 86.8% vs 90.2% satisfied with outcome). Six participants underwent revision after anterior fundoplication (Nissen conversion for reflux - 6), and 7 underwent revision after Nissen fundoplication (Nissen to partial fundoplication for dysphagia - 5; redo Nissen for reflux - 1; paraesophageal hernia -1). Conclusions: At 15 to 20 years follow-up Nissen and anterior 180-degree partial fundoplication achieved similar success, but with trade-offs between better reflux control versus more side-effects after Nissen fundoplication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume275
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Laparoscopic Nissen
  • Anterior 180 Degree Partial Fundoplication
  • Clinical Outcomes
  • Fundoplication
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux disease
  • Laparoscopy
  • Randomized controlled trial

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