Common oxidants used in chemical synthesis, including newly developed perruthenates, were evaluated in the context of understanding (and better appreciating) the sensitiveness and associated potential hazards of these reagents. Analysis using sealed cell differential scanning calorimetry (scDSC) facilitated Yoshida correlations, which were compared to impact sensitiveness and electrostatic discharge experiments (ESD), that enabled sensitiveness ranking. Methyltriphenylphoshonium perruthenate (MTP3, 8), isoamyltriphenylphosphonium perruthenate (ATP3, 7) and tetraphenylphosphonium perruthenate (TP3, 9) were found to be the most sensitive followed by 2-iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX, 2) and benzoyl peroxide (BPO, 10), whereas the most benign were observed to be Oxone (12), manganese dioxide (MnO2, 13), and N-bromosuccinimide (NBS, 17).
- differential scanning calorimetry
- electrostatic discharge experiments
- impact sensitiveness