Rapid Screening for the Detection and Differentiation of Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate using Ion Chromatography

Rachel Hughes, George Walker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The analysis of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is problematic because it is hygroscopic, it lacks a good UV chromophore, and it undergoes heat-induced cyclization. This paper presents a new method utilizing ion-exchange chromatography (IC) with conductivity detection. The simple sample preparation, rapid analysis time, and inorganic anion detection capabilities are all advantages over the current methods. The detection of inorganic salts (formed during GHB synthesis) gives insight into the synthetic route utilized and can aid in drug seizure comparison. The developed method has a detection limit for GHB anions of 0.57mg/L and chloride of 0.22mg/L. A comparison of this technique with a current gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique is presented, and a t-test found that the two methods' results are not statistically different at the 99.9% confidence level demonstrating the merits of this fast, simple, and informative IC method as a routine screening tool.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1256-1260
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
    Volume56
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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