Rare variants in optic disc area gene CARD10 enriched in primary open-angle glaucoma

Tiger Zhou, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Shiwani Sharma, Owen Siggs, Ivan Goldberg, Paul Healey, Stuart Graham, Alex Hewitt, David Mackey, Robert Casson, John Landers, Richard Mills, Jonathan Ellis, Paul Leo, Matthew Brown, Stuart Macgregor, Kathryn Burdon, Jamie Craig

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    Abstract

    Background Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified association of common alleles with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and its quantitative endophenotypes near numerous genes. This study aims to determine whether rare pathogenic variants in these disease-associated genes contribute to POAG. Methods Participants fulfilled strict inclusion criteria of advanced POAG at a young age of diagnosis. Myocilin mutation carriers were excluded using direct sequencing. Whole exome sequencing was performed on 187 glaucoma cases and 103 local screened nonglaucoma controls then joint-called with exomes of 993 previously sequenced Australian controls. GWAS-associated genes were assessed for enrichment of rare predicted pathogenic variants in POAG. Significantly enriched genes were compared against Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) public control. Results Eighty-six GWAS disease or trait-associated glaucoma genes were captured and sequenced. CARD10 showed enrichment after Bonferroni correction for rare variants in glaucoma cases (OR = 13.2, P = 6.94 × 10 -5 ) with mutations identified in 4.28% of our POAG cohort compared to 0.27% in controls. CARD10 was significantly associated with optic disc parameters in previous GWAS. The whole GWAS gene set showed no enrichment in POAG overall (OR = 1.12, P = 0.51). Conclusion We report here an enrichment of rare predicted pathogenic coding variants within a GWAS-associated locus in POAG (CARD10). These findings indicate that both common and rare pathogenic coding variants in CARD10 may contribute to POAG pathogenesis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)624-633
    Number of pages10
    JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine
    Volume4
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

    Keywords

    • CARD10
    • Genome-wide association study
    • Rare variants
    • Whole exome sequencing

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    Zhou, T., Souzeau, E., Sharma, S., Siggs, O., Goldberg, I., Healey, P., Graham, S., Hewitt, A., Mackey, D., Casson, R., Landers, J., Mills, R., Ellis, J., Leo, P., Brown, M., Macgregor, S., Burdon, K., & Craig, J. (2016). Rare variants in optic disc area gene CARD10 enriched in primary open-angle glaucoma. Molecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine, 4(6), 624-633. https://doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.248