Female high school students responded to 3 short verbal cues in which either a male or female character succeeded or failed in an examination qualifying the male (or female) for entry into an occupation. 3 occupations were involved varying in masculine dominance (medicine, teaching, and nursing). In responding to each cue, Ss first rated the character in the cue on semantic differential scales to provide impressions of personality, then rated the importance of different possible causes of the outcome (causal attribution), and finally rated the likelihood that each of a set of possible consequences might follow the outcome. Results indicate a fairly pervasive tendency for the female Ss to upgrade successful males in relation to unsuccessful males but to downgrade successful females in relation to unsuccessful females. (19 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- causal attributions &
- failure in sex-linked occupations, personality impressions &
- female success &
- male &
- perceived likelihood of different consequences, female high school students