Recovery from hypersaline-stress-induced immunity damage and intestinal-microbiota changes through dietary β-glucan supplementation in nile tilapia (oreochromis niloticus)

Chang Xu, Yantong Suo, Xiaodan Wang, Jian G. Qin, Liqiao Chen, Erchao Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Long-term exposure to hyperosmotic environments can induce severe immune damage and increase risk in tilapia breeding. As an effective immunoregulator, β-glucan has attracted extensive attention in nutritional research and given rise to high expectations of improving health status and alleviating organismal damage in tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in brackish water. In this study, an 8-week cultivation experiment was conducted on tilapia fed a basal diet or diets with β-glucan supplementation in freshwater (control) and brackish water. Growth performance, hematological aspects, immune cytokine expression, and the intestinal microbiota of tilapia were analyzed. The results indicated that supplementation with β-glucan significantly reduced the enlarged spleen of tilapia resulting from hypersaline stress. Tilapia fed β-glucan showed significantly-greater decreases in the red blood cell count, hematocrit, red cell distribution width, platelet count, and plateletcrit than those fed the basal diet. β-glucan significantly decreased the high expression of immune-related genes in the spleen induced by hyperosmotic stress. In the intestine, the high migration inhibitory factor-2 (MIF-2) and IL-1β gene expression induced by hypersaline stress was significantly reduced. β-glucan supplementation also significantly increased the abundance of beneficial microbiota such as Lactobacillus, Phycicoccus, and Rikenellaceae. Therefore, dietary β-glucan supplementation can significantly reduce spleen enlargement and improve immune function in tilapia in brackish water. β-glucan intake can also optimize the intestinal microbiota of tilapia in brackish water and improve fish health.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2243
    Number of pages19
    JournalAnimals
    Volume10
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Keywords

    • Hematology
    • Immune function
    • Intestinal microbiota
    • Nile tilapia

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