Redefining Autism Spectrum Disorder using DSM-5: The implications of the proposed DSM-5 Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Robyn Young, Melissa Rodi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    36 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A number of changes were made to pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) in the recently released diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (APA, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, American Psychiatric Publishing, Arlington, VA, 2013). Of the 210 participants in the present study who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for a PDD [i.e.; autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)], only 57.1 % met DSM-5 criteria (specificity = 1.0) for autism spectrum disorder when criteria were applied concurrently during diagnostic assessment. High-functioning individuals (i.e.; Asperger's disorder and PDD-NOS) were less likely to meet DSM-5 criteria than those with autistic disorder. A failure to satisfy all three criteria in the social-communication domain was the most common reason for exclusion (39 %). The implications of these results are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)758-765
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Volume44
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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