Reduced myocardial perfusion in post renal transplant population is not associated with aortic stiffness

Susie Parnham, Suchi Grover, Craig Bradbrook, Darryl Leong, Carmine De Pasquale, Jonathan Gleadle, Joseph Selvanayagam

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    Abstract

    Background

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess central (aortic) vascular dysfunction in post renal transplant patients by high-resolution cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Background: Renal transplant recipients are at increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. The cardiac phenotype in post-transplant recipients is not well defined. A recent study suggested myocardial perfusion is impaired in renal transplant patients irrespective of the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy[1].We hypothesized that post transplant patients have persistently increased aortic stiffness, and that it could be correlated with reduced myocardial perfusion.
    Methods

    Methods: Twenty-five asymptomatic renal transplant patients (RT) and 17 hypertensive controls (HT) underwent CMR scanning at 1.5 T. Myocardial function, late enhancement, aortic pulse wave velocity and first-pass perfusion at rest and stress was performed. Myocardial Perfusion Reserve Index (MPRI) was calculated as the ratio of hyperemic to resting myocardial blood flow by dividing the myocardial perfusion at stress by rest perfusion (corrected to rate pressure product). Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was calculated as the ratio between the distance and time from ascending aorta to descending aorta at the level of main pulmonary artery. Statistical analyses were performed using mixed effects modelling for MPRI and linear regression for relationship between MPRI and PWV.
    Results

    Results: Baseline clinical characteristics were similar for RT and HT control groups. Mean inter-ventricular septal thickness and LV mass indexed to body surface area were similar in both RT cases and HT controls. MPRI was significantly lower in the RT group compared to the HT group (1.36 ± 0.52 vs 2.06 ± 0.59, p = 0.0004), globally and in all three coronary artery territories[1]. Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) is not significantly different between RT and HT group (3.46 ± 0.51 vs 5.21 ± 1.07, p = 0.14). There is no correlation between aortic pulse wave velocity and MPRI (r2 = 0.0026, coeff = 0.18, p = 0.83).
    Conclusions

    Conclusions: In our cohort population, there is no evidence of increased aortic stiffness in post renal transplant patients compared to hypertensive patients. Although these patients demonstrate impaired myocardial perfusion reserve, this is not correlated with increased aortic stiffness.
    Original languageEnglish
    PagesP226
    Number of pages2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventAnnual Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Scientific Sessions - New Orleans, United States
    Duration: 16 Jan 201419 Jan 2014
    Conference number: 17th

    Conference

    ConferenceAnnual Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Scientific Sessions
    CountryUnited States
    CityNew Orleans
    Period16/01/1419/01/14

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  • Cite this

    Parnham, S., Grover, S., Bradbrook, C., Leong, D., De Pasquale, C., Gleadle, J., & Selvanayagam, J. (2014). Reduced myocardial perfusion in post renal transplant population is not associated with aortic stiffness. P226. Abstract from Annual Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Scientific Sessions, New Orleans, United States. https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-S1-P226