Reforming pharmaceutical education to enhance the global uptake of pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine

Mafalda Dias, Krupa Depala, Helena Ward, Michael Ward, Michael Sorich, C Anderson, Ross McKinnon

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Personalized medicine has been defined as the tailoring of medical treatment based on individual patient characteristics. In practice, personalized medicine generally involves the stratifying of patient populations based on biomarkers, most frequently genetic in nature. This results in patient subpopulations likely to show differential responses to drug therapy in terms of efficacy and toxicity. While the potential for personalized medicine to positively impact on drug discovery and therapeutics has been widely hyped, clinical uptake has been markedly limited. Over the recent years, a number of potential barriers to the more widespread uptake of personalized medicine have been identified. These include technical, economic and social factors. One such barrier is the need for the significant up-skilling of health professionals in order to harness the potential of personalized medicine and ensure adequate information flow to consumers. Pharmacists are ideally positioned to be active participants in personalized medicine but to date, their role has been minimal. While the reasons are multifactorial, we argue that there is a clear need for significant reforming of current pharmacy curricula. Here we review progress in worldwide pharmaceutical education and practice relevant to global personalized medicine and public health pharmacogenomics and highlight salient points for future consideration.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)231-238
    Number of pages8
    JournalCurrent Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Education
    • Global personalized medicine
    • Health professional
    • Personalized medicine
    • Pharmacist
    • Pharmacogenetics
    • Public health pharmacogenomics


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