Regulating Al2O3/PAN/PEG Nanofiber Membranes with Suitable Phase Change Thermoregulation Features

Leping Huang, Ying Chen, Zhaobao Xu, Cui He, Youmu Li, Jinchao Zhao, Youhong Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


To address the thermal comfort needs of the human body, the development of personal thermal management textile is critical. Phase change materials (PCMs) have a wide range of applications in thermal management due to their large thermal storage capacity and their isothermal properties during phase change. However, their inherent low thermal conductivity and susceptibility to leakage severely limit their application range. In this study, polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used as the PCM and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as the polymer backbone, and the thermal conductivity was increased by adding spherical nano-alumina (Al2O3). Utilizing coaxial electrospinning technology, phase-change thermoregulated nanofiber membranes with a core-shell structure were created. The study demonstrates that the membranes perform best in terms of thermal responsiveness and thermoregulation when 5% Al2O3 is added. The prepared nanofiber membranes have a melting enthalpy of 60.05 J·g−1 and retain a high enthalpy after 50 cycles of cold and heat, thus withstanding sudden changes in ambient temperature well. Additionally, the nanofiber membranes have excellent air permeability and high moisture permeability, which can increase wearer comfort. As a result, the constructed coaxial phase change thermoregulated nanofiber membranes can be used as a promising textile for personal thermal management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2313
Number of pages13
Issue number16
Early online date12 Aug 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2023


  • coaxial electrospinning
  • core-shell structure
  • nanofiber membranes
  • phase change
  • temperature-regulating


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