Relationships between parental education and overweight with childhood overweight and physical activity in 9-11 year old children: Results from a 12-country study

Stella Kagwiria Muthuri, Vincent O. Onywera, Mark S. Tremblay, Stephanie T. Broyles, Jean Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Vishwanath Kurpad, Estelle Victoria Lambert, Carol Ann Maher, José António Maia, Victor Rodrigues Matsudo, Tim Olds, Olga Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine E. Tudor- Locke, Pei Zhao, Timothy S. Church, Peter T. KatzmarzykDenise G. Lambert, Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Ben P. Butitta, Catherine M. Champagne, Shannon H. Cocreham, Kara D. Denstel, Katy Drazba, Deirdre Deirdre M. Harrington, William D. Johnson, Dione Milauskas, Emily F. Mire, Allison Tohme, Ruben Q. Rodarte, Bobby Amoroso, John Luopa, Rebecca H. Neiberg, Scott Rushing, Lucy Kate Lewis, Katia Ferrar, Effie Georgiadis, Rebecca Megan Stanley, Victor Keihan Matsudo, Sandra Mahecha Matsudo, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Luís Carlos De Oliveira, Luis Fabiano, Diogo Bezerra, Gerson Luis Ferrari, Priscilla Bélanger, Michael Marc Borghese, Charles Boyer, Allana G.W. LeBlanc, Claire E. Francis, Geneviève Leduc, Chengming Diao, Wei Li, Weiqin Li, Enquing qing Liu, Gongshu Liu, Hongyan Liu, Jian Ma, Yijuan Qiao, Huiguang Tian, Yue Wang, Tao Zhang, Fuxia Zhang, Olga Sarmiento, Julio Acosta, Yalta Alvira, María Paula Díaz, Rocio Gámez, Maria Paula Garcia, Luis Guillermo Gómez, Lisseth Heras González, Silvia Alejandra González, Carlos Grijalba, Leidys Gutiérrez, David Leal, Nicolás Lemus, Etelvina Mahecha, Maria Paula Mahecha, Rosalba Mahecha, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Paola Ríos, Andres Suarez, Camilo A. Triana, Elli Hovi, Jemina Kivelä, Sari M. Räsänen, Sanna Roito, Taru Saloheimo, Leena Valta, Deepa P. Lokesh, Michelle Stephanie D'Almeida, Annie Mattilda R, Lygia F.M. Correa, D. Vijay, Vincent Ochieng Onywera, Lucy Joy Wachira, Stella G. Muthuri, Alessandra Da Silva Borges, Sofia Oliveira Sá Cachada, Raquel Nichele De Chaves, Thayse Natacha Gomes, Sara Isabel Pereira, Daniel Monteiro De Vilhena E Santos, Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Pedro Gil Da Silva, Michele Caroline De Souza, Vicki E. Lambert, Matthew April, Monika Uys, Nirmala Naidoo, Nandi Synyanya, Madelaine T. Carstens, Sean P. Cumming, Clemens Drenowatz, Lydia G. Emm, Fiona Bridget Gillison, Julia Kirstey Zakrzewski, Ashley Braud, Sheletta G. Donatto, Corbin Lemon, Ana Jackson, Ashunti Pearson, Gina Pennington, Daniel Ragus, Ryan C. Roubion, John M. Schuna, Derek Wiltz, Alan Mark Batterham, Jacqueline Kerr, Michael W. Pratt, Angelo Pietrobelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Globally, the high prevalence of overweight and low levels of physical activity among children has serious implications for morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood. Various parental factors are associated with childhood overweight and physical activity. The objective of this paper was to investigate relationships between parental education or overweight, and (i) child overweight, (ii) child physical activity, and (iii) explore household coexistence of overweight, in a large international sample. Methods: Data were collected from 4752 children (9-11 years) as part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment in 12 countries around the world. Physical activity of participating children was assessed by accelerometry, and body weight directly measured. Questionnaires were used to collect parents' education level, weight, and height. Results: Maternal and paternal overweight were positively associated with child overweight. Higher household coexistence of parent-child overweight was observed among overweight children compared to the total sample. There was a positive relationship between maternal education and child overweight in Colombia 1.90 (1.23-2.94) [odds ratio (confidence interval)] and Kenya 4.80 (2.21-10.43), and a negative relationship between paternal education and child overweight in Brazil 0.55 (0.33-0.92) and the USA 0.54 (0.33-0.88). Maternal education was negatively associated with children meeting physical activity guidelines in Colombia 0.53 (0.33-0.85), Kenya 0.35 (0.19-0.63), and Portugal 0.54 (0.31-0.96). Conclusions: Results are aligned with previous studies showing positive associations between parental and child overweight in all countries, and positive relationships between parental education and child overweight or negative associations between parental education and child physical activity in lower economic status countries. Relationships between maternal and paternal education and child weight status and physical activity appear to be related to the developmental stage of different countries. Given these varied relationships, it is crucial to further explore familial factors when investigating child overweight and physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0147746
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Relationships between parental education and overweight with childhood overweight and physical activity in 9-11 year old children: Results from a 12-country study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Muthuri, S. K., Onywera, V. O., Tremblay, M. S., Broyles, S. T., Chaput, J. P., Fogelholm, M., Hu, G., Kuriyan, R., Kurpad, A. V., Lambert, E. V., Maher, C. A., Maia, J. A., Matsudo, V. R., Olds, T., Sarmiento, O., Standage, M., Tudor- Locke, C. E., Zhao, P., Church, T. S., ... Pietrobelli, A. (2016). Relationships between parental education and overweight with childhood overweight and physical activity in 9-11 year old children: Results from a 12-country study. PLoS One, 11(8), [e0147746]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147746