The 81-item EMBU inventory for memories of parental rearing behaviours was administered to 221 young people (average age 19.6 yr). Not all of the 14 subscales identified by Ross, Campbell and Clayer (1982) had adequate internal reliability. Using rather stringent criteria for item inclusion, a 27-item version was developed by factor analysis. This short form of the EMBU yielded three factors referring to the behaviour of both parents: Supportive, Rejecting and Overinvolved. Factors were internally reliable and correlated with GHQ-28 score at a level comparable with the Ross et al. subscales. Factor scores also differentiated between cases of psychological disturbance and controls, and between people classed as suffering or not suffering from depressive illness. Further research using this new briefer form of the EMBU is proposed.