Reporting and conducting patient journey mapping research in healthcare: A scoping review

Ellen L. Davies, Lemma N. Bulto, Alison Walsh, Danielle Pollock, Vikki M. Langton, Robert E. Laing, Amy Graham, Melissa Arnold-Chamney, Janet Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aim
To identify how patient journey mapping is being undertaken and reported.

Design
A scoping review of the literature was undertaken using JBI guidance.

Data Sources
Databases were searched in July 2021 (16th–21st), including Ovid's Medline, Embase, Emcare and PsycINFO; Scopus; Web of Science Core Collection, the Directory of Open Access Journals; Informit and; ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.

Review Methods
Eligible articles included peer-reviewed literature documenting journey mapping methodologies and studies conducted in healthcare services. Reviewers used Covidence to screen titles and abstracts of located sources, and to screen full-text articles. A table was used to extract data and synthesize results.

Results
Eighty-one articles were included. An acceleration of patient journey mapping research was observed, with 76.5% (n = 62) of articles published since 2015. Diverse mapping approaches were identified. Reporting of studies was inconsistent and largely non-adherent with relevant, established reporting guidelines.

Conclusion
Patient journey mapping is a relatively novel approach for understanding patient experiences and is increasingly being adopted. There is variation in process details reported. Considerations for improving reporting standards are provided.

Impact
Patient journey mapping is a rapidly growing approach for better understanding how people enter, experience and exit health services. This type of methodology has significant potential to inform new, patient centred models of care and facilitate clinicians, patients and health professionals to better understand gaps and strategies in health services. The synthesised results of this review alert researchers to options available for journey mapping research and provide preliminary guidance for elevating reporting quality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-100
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume79
Issue number1
Early online date3 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • health journey
  • patient journey mapping
  • reporting guidelines
  • scoping review
  • touchpoints
  • patient experience
  • health service
  • nursing

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