Rethinking the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa

Huw Groucutt, Michael Petraglia, Geoffrey Bailey, Eleanor Scerri, Ash Parton, Laine Clark-Balzan, Richard Jennings, Laura Lewis, James Blinkhorn, Nick Drake, Paul Breeze, Robyn Inglis, Maud Devès, Matthew Meredith-Williams, Nicole Boivin, Mark Thomas, Aylwyn Scally

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    138 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Current fossil, genetic, and archeological data indicate that Homo sapiens originated in Africa in the late Middle Pleistocene. By the end of the Late Pleistocene, our species was distributed across every continent except Antarctica, setting the foundations for the subsequent demographic and cultural changes of the Holocene. The intervening processes remain intensely debated and a key theme in hominin evolutionary studies. We review archeological, fossil, environmental, and genetic data to evaluate the current state of knowledge on the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa. The emerging picture of the dispersal process suggests dynamic behavioral variability, complex interactions between populations, and an intricate genetic and cultural legacy. This evolutionary and historical complexity challenges simple narratives and suggests that hybrid models and the testing of explicit hypotheses are required to understand the expansion of Homo sapiens into Eurasia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)149-164
    Number of pages16
    JournalEVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY
    Volume24
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    Groucutt, H., Petraglia, M., Bailey, G., Scerri, E., Parton, A., Clark-Balzan, L., Jennings, R., Lewis, L., Blinkhorn, J., Drake, N., Breeze, P., Inglis, R., Devès, M., Meredith-Williams, M., Boivin, N., Thomas, M., & Scally, A. (2015). Rethinking the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa. EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY, 24(4), 149-164. https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.21455