Review: Synthetic scaffolds to control the biochemical, mechanical, and geometrical environment of stem cell-derived brain organoids

Mariana Oksdath, Sally L. Perrin, Cedric Bardy, Emily F. Hilder, Cole A. Deforest, R. Dario Arrua, Guillermo A. Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Stem cell-derived brain organoids provide a powerful platform for systematic studies of tissue functional architecture and the development of personalized therapies. Here, we review key advances at the interface of soft matter and stem cell biology on synthetic alternatives to extracellular matrices. We emphasize recent biomaterial-based strategies that have been proven advantageous towards optimizing organoid growth and controlling the geometrical, biomechanical, and biochemical properties of the organoid's three-dimensional environment. We highlight systems that have the potential to increase the translational value of region-specific brain organoid models suitable for different types of manipulations and high-throughput applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041501
Number of pages19
JournalAPL Bioengineering
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • brain organoids
  • Synthetic scaffolds
  • stem cell biology

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