Ring type and π electron occupancy decides the Li-ion storage properties of Phagraphene: An example of sp2 hybridized carbon structure

A Rajkamal, S Sinthika, Gunther Andersson, Ranjit Thapa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphite, a sp2 hybridized layered material is used as an anode material in commercial Lithium ion batteries (LIB's). It is desirable to improve the Li/C ratio in the sp2 hybridized carbon allotropes to increase the specific energy capacity. Using First-principles calculations bulk Phagraphene (contains penta-, hepta- and hexa ring) an example of sp2 hybridized carbon allotropes is identified as a potential high capacity anode material for rechargeable LIB's. The Li adsorption site preference is attributed to the combined effect of the pz electrons of the carbon atoms constituting a ring. It is found that the Li diffusion is favoured during both adsorbed and intercalated state. Bulk-Phagraphene shows desirable negative formation energy, high specific capacity of 558 mAh/g, and stable positive open circuit voltage profile for high Li intercalation. Overall the asymmetry in the pz electron occupancies of the distinct carbon atoms in Phagraphene is identified to be a major contributing factor for the higher activity of Phagraphene as compared to the graphene. This indicates that we can tune the property of sp2 based carbon structures by changing the π electron environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-784
Number of pages10
JournalCarbon
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • 2D carbon allotrope
  • DFT
  • Diffusion
  • Intercalation
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Specific energy capacity

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