New data shed light on the mechanisms of film growth from low power, low pressure plasmas of organic compounds. These data rebalance the widely held view that plasma polymer formation is due to radical/neutral reactions only and that ions play no direct role in contributing mass at the surface. Ion reactions are shown to play an important role in both the plasma phase and at the surface. The mass deposition rate and ion flux in continuous wave hexamethyl disiloxane (HMDSO) plasmas have been studied as a function of pressure and applied RF power. Both the deposition rate and ion flux were shown to increase with applied power; however, the deposition rate increased with pressure while the ion flux decreased. Positive ion mass spectrometry of the plasma phase demonstrates that the dominant ionic species is the (HMDSO-CH 3) + ion at m/z 147, but significant fragmentation and subsequent oligomerization was also observed. Chemical analysis of the deposits by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry show that the deposits were consistent with deposits reported by previous workers grown from plasma and hyperthermal (HMDSO-CH 3) + ions. Increasing coordination of silicon with oxygen in the plasma deposits reveals the role of ions in the growth of plasma polymers. Comparing the calculated film thicknesses after a fixed total fluence of 1.5 × 10 19 ions/m 2 to results for hyperthermal ions shows that ions can contribute significantly to the total absorbed mass in the deposits.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Oct 2011|