Safety culture in Australian intensive care units: establishing a baseline for quality improvement

Wendy Chaboyer, Diane Chamberlain, Karena Hewson-Conroy, Bernadette Grealy, Tania Elderkin, Maureen Brittin, Catherine McCutcheon, Paula Longbottom, Lukeman Thalib

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    44 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Workplace safety culture is a crucial ingredient in patients' outcomes and is increasingly being explored as a guide for quality improvement efforts. Objectives: To establish a baseline understanding of the safety culture in Australian intensive care units. Methods: In a nationwide study of physicians and nurses in 10 Australian intensive care units, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire intensive care unit version was used to measure safety culture. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the mean scores for the 6 subscales of the questionnaire, and generalized-estimation-equations models were used to test the hypotheses that safety culture differed between physicians and nurses and between nurse leaders and bedside nurses. Results: A total of 672 responses (50.6% response rate) were received: 513 (76.3%) from nurses, 89 (13.2%) from physicians, and 70 (10.4%) from respondents who did not specify their professional group. Ratings were highest for teamwork climate and lowest for perceptions of hospital management and working conditions. Four subscales, job satisfaction, teamwork climate, safety climate, and working conditions, were rated significantly higher by physicians than by nurses. Two subscales, working conditions and perceptions of hospital management, were rated significantly lower by nurse leaders than by bedside nurses. Conclusions: Measuring the baseline safety culture of an intensive care unit allows leaders to implement targeted strategies to improve specific dimensions of safety culture. These strategies ultimately may improve the working conditions of staff and the care that patients receive.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)93-102
    Number of pages10
    JournalAmerican Journal of Critical Care
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


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