Scaphoid kinematics in scapholunate instability: a dynamic CT study

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Abstract

Objective: The scaphoid is proposed to be driven by the distal carpal row in scapholunate instability (SLI) as it is dissociated from the proximal row. The aim of this study was to describe the 6 degrees of freedom kinematics of the scaphoid using dynamic CT in the normal and SLI wrists. We hypothesised that the SLI scaphoid would demonstrate kinematic evidence conforming to distal row motion.

Materials and methods: We studied dynamic CT scans of 17 SLI and 17 normal wrists during ulnar to radial deviation and extension to flexion. The radio-scaphoid angles in three anatomic planes were calculated in the wrist neutral position and during wrist motion. The centroid position was also calculated in the wrist neutral position and during wrist motion. The scapho-capitate motion index (SCI) was calculated as a ratio between the scaphoid and the capitate motion. 

Results: In the neutral position of the wrist, the SLI scaphoid was flexed, internally rotated, and radially translated compared to the normal scaphoid. During wrist motion, the SLI scaphoid had more ‘in-plane’ motion and less ‘out-of-plane’ motion with a higher SCI during wrist neutral to radial deviation and extension to neutral. 

Conclusion: We have described the malalignment of the SLI scaphoid in the neutral position of the wrist and 6 degrees of freedom kinematics during wrist motion of the SLI scaphoid compared to the normal. The SLI scaphoid conformed more to the distal row motion than the normal scaphoid. This information may help define the surgical reconstruction techniques for SLI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1557-1566
Number of pages10
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Volume52
Issue number8
Early online date23 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Carpal instability
  • Dynamic CT
  • Scaphoid kinematics
  • Scapholunate

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