Screening for sleep reduction in adolescents through self-report: Development and validation of the sleep reduction screening questionnnaire (SRSQ): Development and Validation of the Sleep Reduction Screening Questionnaire (SRSQ)

Annette van Maanen, Julia Dewald-Kaufmann, Frans Oort, Eduard de Bruin, Marcel Smits, Michelle Short, Michael Gradisar, Gerard Kerkhof, Anne Marie Meijer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Sleep reduction, resulting from insufficient or poor sleep, is a common phenomenon in adolescents. Due to its severe negative psychological and behavioral daytime consequences, it is important to have a short reliable and valid measure to assess symptoms of sleep reduction.

    Objective: This study aims to validate the Sleep Reduction Screening Questionnaire (SRSQ) that can be used to screen for symptoms of sleep reduction in adolescents.

    Methods: Various samples from the general and clinical populations were included in the study. The SRSQ is a nine-item questionnaire that is based on the longer, four dimensional Chronic Sleep Reduction Questionnaire (Meijer in J Sleep Res 17:395–405, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00677.x, 2008). Items were selected on the basis of principal components analysis, item-total correlations, and substantive consideration. The SRSQ was validated by calculating correlations with self-reported and objective sleep and self-reported daytime functioning. Cut-off scores were determined so that the SRSQ can be used as a screening instrument.

    Results: Internal consistencies of the SRSQ were good (Cronbach’s alpha = .79 in the general population). Correlations with self-reported sleep, daytime functioning and objective sleep variables were satisfactory and in the expected directions. The SRSQ discriminates well between clinical and non-clinical cases. When accounting for prevalence of sleep reduction symptoms in the general population, the area under the curve was.91, sensitivity was.80 and specificity was.87.

    Conclusions: The SRSQ appears to be a short reliable and valid questionnaire. Due to the limited number of items and the availability of cut-off scores, it is a practical tool for clinical and research purposes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)607-619
    Number of pages13
    JournalChild and Youth Care Forum
    Volume43
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014

    Keywords

    • Adolescent
    • Screening instrument
    • Sleep
    • Sleep reduction

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